Ernst Fuhrmann was born 19 November 1886 in Hamburg Germany. Apparently he was born to a well-off family, which allowed him ample free time to follow his passions.
He is most famous for having founded a holistic form of biological sciences called ‘Biosophy’—this was in the years prior to World War I, when holism was important to German sciences. He was also a renowned photographer, publisher, and poet. His ideas had a mystical bent. He emphasized the need to reuse waste—compost—in agriculture, as a reflection of an eternal cycle, and also that animals and plants express the same vital substance in different ways; his photographs of plants was meant to bring out their animalistic aspects.
Fuhrmann had some association with the Nazis; but, according to Oliver A. I. Botar, he was “ambivalent at best.” By the mid-1930s, he was apparently being persecuted by the fascist regime, and in 1938 emigrated to New York, leaving behind an extensive estate.